When it comes to discussing water pressure for a well, the general perception is that the more pressure, the better it is. While high pressure and fast-flowing water may be great for doing all your water-related works, it also comes at the cost of wasting a lot of water and installing machines like boosters and constant water pressure systems at your property that increase your electric expenditure.
In this article, we will discuss what good water pressure for a well is. In other words, what is an optimum water pressure which can help you do all your work efficiently without facing any pressure problem and wasting a lot of water?
First of all, you need to assess what pressure of water you need? By considering the following factors, you can reach to a conclusion.
The distance of your house from the well – If your house is not located in close proximity of the water well, you will need high water pressure setting so water can reach your place. For homes located very near to wells, lower pressure can work as well.
The number of maximum point of use that can run at one time – The number of points of use that run simultaneously matter a lot when it comes to deciding the pressure of water. If you have a large family, you would need high pressure to satisfy the needs of every family member during the peak time of consumption like morning, when everyone is taking baths and getting ready to leave for work.
Numbers of stories in your house – Multistory homes need high pressure from wells, when your water system has to pump water against gravity, it needs more pressure to do it effectively. High rise buildings use booster pumps to increase water pressure and make sure that everyone gets a fair share of water pressure.
The number of appliances that need high pressure – If you have a lot of appliances in your home that need high and constant pressure like washing machines, dishwashers, water filters, and water softeners, you would need to make sure that your well water system is generating enough pressure to provide the machines with required water pressure. Low pressure can result in poor functioning of these machines.
The capacity of your pressure tank and pump – Another factor that comes into play while deciding what is a good pressure for your well is the capacity of your pressure tank and pump. Some pumps cannot handle high-pressure settings, and hence they would stop working after a short time. If you are installing a new pump or drilling a new well, make sure you install a high-quality, durable, and versatile pump that can handle different pressure settings.
Different Pressure Settings
Most of the residential wells work with three different pressure settings. Typical pressure settings on a standard pressure system are 20/40, 30/50, or 40/60 PSI, 20/40 being the lowest and 40/60 being the highest. You can easily switch between the pressure settings by adjusting the pressure on the pressure switch.
What’s a Good Pressure?
As explained above, the different factors come into play when you are deciding the best pressure for your well water. Let’s look at some different scenarios and what pressure is good for them. We hope that you will be able to find the answer to the question below. We will assume that your pressure tank and pump can operate at the three different settings of 20/40, 30/50, or 40/60 PSI.
- You have a small home with a small family of 2-3 people, and your well is located close to your points of use, you only have a couple of water appliances, you can keep the pressure settings at 20/40 PSI or 30/50 PSI. You have a small home with 2-3 people, but the well is located far away, high pressure would be best for you. Similarly, if you have more individuals living in your home, keep the pressure set to 40/60 PSI.
- You have a large home with 2-3 people living inside it, and it is located near to the well, low pressure would do the trick. You have a large home with 6-8 or more inhabitants; don’t think about keeping the pressure below 40/60 PSI. You have a large home and a large family, and it is located far away from the well, it is also a multistory abode, you may need a pressure booster or a constant pressure system to get constant pressure from well water in this case.
Water wells and Irrigation
Some people living in the countryside also use wells to irrigate their fields. The relationship between a water well and irrigation is a complex one, and it requires a lot of calculations to determine the pressure you need from your well. Most homes use 5-10 gallons per minute, for small agricultural land, anything above 20 gallons per minute would be good. For commercial purposes, you would need commercial devices to provide water to large lands.
Final Word: Be intelligent and adjust the right pressure